National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
- NAME: John Herschel Glenn, Jr. (Colonel, USMC, Ret.)
- NASA Astronaut
- PERSONAL DATA:
- Born July 18, 1921 in Cambridge, Ohio. Married to the former Anna
Margaret Castor of New Concord, Ohio. They have two grown children and two
- Glenn attended primary and secondary schools in New Concord, Ohio.
He attended Muskingum College in New Concord and received a Bachelor of
Science degree in Engineering. Muskingum College also awarded him an
honorary Doctor of Science degree in engineering. He has received
honorary doctoral degrees from nine colleges or universities.
- SPECIAL HONORS:
- Glenn has been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross on six occasions,
and holds the Air Medal with 18 Clusters for his service during World War II
and Korea. Glenn also holds the Navy Unit Commendation for service in Korea,
the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the World
War II Victory Medal, the China Service Medal, the National Defense Service
Medal, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, the Korean
Presidential Unit Citation, the Navy's Astronaut Wings, the Marine Corps'
Astronaut Medal, the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, and the Congressional
Space Medal of Honor.
- He entered the Naval Aviation Cadet Program in March 1942 and
was graduated from this program and commissioned in the Marine Corps
in 1943. After advanced training, he joined Marine Fighter Squadron 155
and spent a year flying F-4U fighters in the Marshall Islands.
During his World War II service, he flew 59 combat missions. After
the war, he was a member of Marine Fighter Squadron 218 on the North
China patrol and served on Guam. From June 1948 to December 1950 Glenn
was an instructor in advanced flight training at Corpus Christi, Texas.
He then attended Amphibious Warfare Training at Quantico, Virginia. In
Korea he flew 63 missions with Marine Fighter Squadron 311. As an
exchange pilot with the Air Force Glenn flew 27 missions in theF-86
Sabrejet. In the last nine days of fighting in Korea Glenn downed
three MIG's in combat along the Yalu River.
After Korea, Glenn attended Test Pilot School at the Naval Air Test
Center, Patuxent River, Maryland. After graduation, he was project
officer on a number of aircraft. He was assigned to the Fighter
Design Branch of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics (now Bureau of
Naval Weapons) in Washington from November 1956 to April 1959,
during which time he also attended the University of Maryland.
In July 1957, while project officer of the F8U Crusader, he set a
transcontinental speed record from Los Angeles to New York, spanning
the country in 3 hours and 23 minutes. This was the first transcontinental
flight to average supersonic speed. Glenn has nearly 9,000 hours of
flying time, with approximately 3,000 hours in jet aircraft.
- NASA EXPERIENCE:
Glenn was assigned to the NASA Space Task Group at Langley
Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, in April 1959 after his
selection as a Project Mercury Astronaut. The Space Task Group
was moved to Houston and became part of the NASA Manned Spacecraft
Center in 1962. Glenn flew on Mercury-6 (February 20, 1962) and
STS-95 (October 29 to November 7, 1998), and has logged over 218
hours in space. Prior to his first flight, Glenn had served as
backup pilot for Astronauts Shepard and Grissom. When astronauts
were given special assignments to ensure pilot input into the
design and development of spacecraft, Glenn specialized in cockpit
layout and control functioning, including some of the early designs
for the Apollo Project. Glenn resigned from the Manned Spacecraft
Center on January 16, 1964. He was promoted to the rank of Colonel
in October 1964 and retired from the Marine Corps on January 1,
1965. He was a business executive from 1965 until his election to
the United States Senate in November 1974 where he now serves.
- SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE:
- On February 20, 1962, Glenn piloted the
Mercury-Atlas 6 "Friendship 7" spacecraft on
the first manned orbital mission of the United States.
Launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, he completed
a successful three-orbit mission around the earth, reaching
a maximum altitude (apogee) of approximately 162 statute
miles and an orbital velocity of approximately 17,500 miles
per hour. Glenn's "Friendship 7" Mercury spacecraft
landed approximately 800 miles southeast of KSC in the vicinity
of Grand Turk Island. Mission duration from launch to impact was
4 hours, 55 minutes, and 23 seconds.
STS-95 Discovery (October 29 to November 7, 1998) was a
9-day mission during which the crew supported a variety
of research payloads including deployment of the Spartan
solar-observing spacecraft, the Hubble Space Telescope Orbital
Systems Test Platform, and investigations on space flight and
the aging process. STS-95 is scheduled for launch in October
1998. The mission was accomplished in 134 Earth orbits,
traveling 3.6 million miles in 213 hours and 44 minutes
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