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SEPTEMBER 21

* H.G. Wells, author of "War of the Worlds," born (1866). Sketch above is from H.G. Wells' famous novel showing the artist's conception of Martians. Note the absence of a space suit for the Martian. What type of Mars environment does the artist's drawing suggest?

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SEPTEMBER 22

* First nonstop transatlantic jet flight east to west (1950).

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SEPTEMBER 23

* Final flight of NASA/USAF X-24B; it reached a speed of 1600 km/hr (1,000 mph) and an altitude of 70,000 feet after being released from a B-52 carrier jet. * Neptune discovered (1846).

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SEPTEMBER 24

* Jimmy Doolittle performed instrument only flight (1929).

* First robot return of a lunar sample (1970).

* Oldest (1961) Atlas rocket launched (1988).

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SEPTEMBER 25

* Skylab 2 crew returned from 59 days in orbit. Unfortunately, experiment spider Arabella died of unknown causes during reentry (1973).

* French pilot Edmond Poillet was killed in his Savary biplane at Chartes, France as a result of a wind gust (1910).

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SEPTEMBER 26

* NASA's final unmanned rocket launch from Kennedy Space Center (1989). (Click on "Countdown!" for a summary of NASA launch vehicles and facilities written by the Kennedy Space Center.)

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SEPTEMBER 27

* First manned launch to be aborted; a booster exploded on Soyuz T10-1, forcing cosmonauts Titov and Strekalov to use their launch escape rocket (1983).

* Peruvian pilot Georges Chavez was killed near Domodossola, Peru in his Bleriot monoplane as a result of numbness caused by the cold (1910). ("Contact," Villard, p. 243)

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SEPTEMBER 28

* Completion of the first airplane flight around the world (1924). Flight covers approximately 27,000 miles and takes 175 days. The air- craft are two Douglas Cruiser bi- planes of the U.S. Army Air Corps flown by Lt. Lowell Smith and Lt. Erik Nelson.

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SEPTEMBER 29

* U.S. returned to space with launch of Shuttle Discovery STS-26 (1988).

* First international balloon race (1907).


SEPTEMBER 30

* German sportsman Fritz von Opel flew a rocket glider powered by 16 solid propellant rockets for about 75 seconds at a speed of 95 mph (1929).

* End of the first heliocopter flight around the world which took 29 days, 3 hours, and 8 minutes (1982).

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OCTOBER 1


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