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JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC


SEPTEMBER 1

* Pioneer 11 passed within 21,000 miles of Saturn's main outer ring system (1979).

* Asteroid Brandon discovered (1989).

* Last known passenger pigeon died (1914).

* Asteroid 3, Juno, discovered (1804).

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SEPTEMBER 2

* Phobos 1 lost due to a command error (1988). The Phobos U.S.S.R. Probe had two types of landers: one was a Long-Term Automated Lander and the other was mobile by means of a hopping mechanism shown at left. It was called the Hopping Lander (Hopper).

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SEPTEMBER 3

* Viking 2 landed on Mars (1976).

* Helium-filled airship Shenandoah crashed (1925).

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SEPTEMBER 4

* First crossing of the U.S.A. in a single day (1925).

* First flight of the Helium-filled airship Shenandoah (1923).

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SEPTEMBER 5

* Launch of Voyager 1, the grand tour of the Solar System (1977).

* Fragments of Sputnik 4 landed in Manitowoc, WI (1962).

* Pluto was at perihelion, closest to the Sun in its 247-year orbit (1989).

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SEPTEMBER 6

* The first large rocket was launched from the deck of a ship, the USS Midway. Though launched from a U.S. aircraft carrier, the rocket is a German V-2 (1947).

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SEPTEMBER 7

* News service (UPI) reported loss of the Phobos 1, Russian Mars probe (1988).

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SEPTEMBER 8

* The first military long range rocket was fired on an enemy target when the German V-2 was launched with more than a ton of explosives. Like many of the German V-2's, it was directed against London (1944). (Key dates, Winrich, NASA Lewis Research Center, 1991.) Photo at left is of a V-2 about to be launched from a portable gantry.

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SEPTEMBER 9

* Delivery of first Space Shuttle External Tank to NASA (1977).

* Viking 2 lifts off towards Mars (1975).

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SEPTEMBER 10

* SARSAT used to rescue a downed aircraft. This was first rescue of an aircraft with help from a satellite (1982). Note: as of August 1984, 223 lives have been saved by this International Search and Rescue Program.

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SEPTEMBER 11


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