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NOVEMBER 21

picture of a hot air balloon

* First human flight in a balloon was made by two Frenchmen in a Mont- golfier hot air balloon (1783).

* The China Clipper was the first commercial aircraft to cross the Pacific(1935).

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NOVEMBER 22

picture of IRAS satellite

* The IRAS (Infra-Red Astronomical Satellite) ran out of Helium coolant for its infrared detector and became inoperative. The IRAS was launched on January 25, 1983 and stopped working on November 22, 1983. During operation, it discovered dust around the sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. (Click here for more information.)

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NOVEMBER 23

pictures of Goddard and Lindbergh

* Charles Lindbergh visited Robert Goddard and helped him obtain a $50,000 Guggenheim grant for the advancement of aeronautics. These funds were instrumental in advancing the cause of space exploration (1929).

* Tiros II, a weather satellite, was boosted into orbit (1960).

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NOVEMBER 24

picture of Apollo 12 mission patch

* Apollo 12 returned to Earth, landing in the Pacific (1969).

* The Soviet super-boost rocket exploded after reaching about 25 miles altitude (1970).

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NOVEMBER 25

picture of first launch 
of Soviet liquid-fueled rocket

* First launch of a Soviet liquid-fueled rocket. The engine fuel was petrol, the oxidizer was liquid oxygen, and the thrust was 154 lb. It flew 262 feet up (1933).

* First aircraft loop in America performed by exhibition pilot Lincoln Beachey (1913).

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NOVEMBER 26

picture of astronaut 
Spring constructing ACCESS tower on mission 
STS-61B

* STS-61B launched (1985). Astronaut "Woody" Spring constructed the ACCESS tower while in orbit to test procedures for building the Space Station Freedom.

* France became the third nation on Earth to put an A-1/Asterix satellite in orbit (1965).

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NOVEMBER 27

picture of 40 pound 
meteor

* Earliest meteor photo taken (1885). The photo at left was taken of a meteorite weighing approximately 40 pounds which was found in Antarctica by scientists.

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NOVEMBER 28

sketch made by Huygens 
while looking through his telescope at Mars

* Huygens recorded first markings on Mars (1659).

* Space Shuttle (STS-9) carried the first Spacelab module to orbit (1983).

* First HAM (amateur) radio broadcast originating from space by STS-9 astronaut/Ham Owen Garriott, W5LFL (1983). (Click on Ham Radio for more.)

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NOVEMBER 29

picture of astronaut 
Spring launching by hand a radar target

* First hand-launched satellite deployed into orbit. Astronaut Sherwood Spring deployed Advanced Autopilot Radar target satellite from STS-61B Space Shuttle Atlantis' cargo bay. Satellite continued to orbit Earth for more than a year (1985).

* Enos, a chimp, was the first American to orbit the Earth (1961).

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NOVEMBER 30

picture of a one man 
lunar lander concept

* NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center published a paper on the design of a lunar lander based on scientific theories of how much dust is on the surface. Some scientists predicted a ten foot deep dust layer, while others foresaw very little dust. The vehicle must safely deal with all views (1961). (From "Chariots for Apollo," Brooks, p. 99.)

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DECEMBER 1


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Last modified: Wednesday, 30-Nov-04 09:15:00 PM CDT

Author: Jerry Woodfill / NASA, Mail Code ER7, jared.woodfill1@jsc.nasa.gov

Curator: Cecilia Breigh, NASA JSC ER7

Responsible Official: Andre Sylvester, NASA JSC ER7

Automation, Robotics and Simulation Division, Walter W. Guy, Chief.

Picture of the logo of NASA Johnson Space Center's Automation, Robotics, and 
Simulation Division.  The logo depicts a robot extended arm and hand.  The robotic 
hand holds Mars in its grasp.