National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
NAME: William A. Anders (Major General, USAF Reserve)
NASA Astronaut (former)
- Born October 17, 1933, in Hong Kong.
Married to the former Valerie E. Hoard of Lemon Grove, California. Four sons,
two daughters. Recreational interests include fishing, flying, and cross-country
skiing. He also serves on several corporate boards.
Received a bachelor of science degree from
the United States Naval Academy in 1955 and a master of science degree in
Nuclear Engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology at
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, in 1962. Completed the Harvard Business
School Advanced Management Program in 1979.
- Member of the Tau Beta Pi National
Engineering Honor Society, American Nuclear Society, American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics, Society of Experimental Test Pilots, and the
National Academy of Engineering.
AWARDS AND DECORATIONS:
- Distinguished Service Medals
from the Air Force, NASA and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Air Force
Commendation Medal; National Geographic Society's Hubbard Medal for Exploration;
Collier, Harmon, Goddard and White Trophies; and the American Astronautical
Society's Flight Achievement Award. He has been awarded several honorary
doctoral degrees. He holds several world flight records, and received the
American Defense Preparedness Association's first Industry Leadership Award in
Anders was commissioned in the air Force
after graduation from the Naval Academy and served as a fighter pilot in
all-weather interception squadrons of the Air Defense Command and later was
responsible for technical management of nuclear power reactor shielding and
radiation effects programs while at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory in New
In 1964, Anders was selected by the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration as an astronaut with responsibilities for dosimetry, radiation
effects and environmental controls. He was backup pilot for the Gemini XI,
Apollo 11 flights, and was lunar module pilot for Apollo 8 -- the first lunar
orbit mission in December 1968. He has logged more than 6,000 hours flying time.
From June 1969 to 1973 he served as Executive Secretary for the National
Aeronautics and Space Council, which was responsible to the President, Vice
President and Cabinet-level members of the Council for developing policy options
concerning research, development, operations and planning of aeronautical and
On August 6, 1973, Anders was appointed to the five-member Atomic Energy
Commission where he was lead commissioner for all nuclear and non-nuclear power
R&D. He was also named as U. S. Chairman of the joint US/USSR technology
exchange program for nuclear fission and fusion power.
Following the reorganization of national nuclear regulatory and developmental
activities on January 19, 1975, Anders was named by President Ford to become the
first Chairman of the newly established Nuclear Regulatory Commission
responsible for nuclear safety and environmental compatibility. At the
completion of his term as NRC Chairman, Anders was appointed United States
Ambassador to Norway and held that position until 1977.
Anders left the federal government after 26 years of service and after briefly
serving as a Fellow of the American Enterprise Institute he joined the General
Electric Company in September 1977 as Vice President and General Manager of the
Nuclear Products Division in San Jose, California. In this position he was
responsible for the manufacture of nuclear fuel, reactor internal equipment, and
control and instrumentation for GE boiling water reactors at facilities located
in San Jose and Wilmington, North Carolina. In addition, he had responsibility
for the GE partnership arrangement with Chicago Bridge and Iron for the
manufacture of large steel pressure vessels in Memphis, Tennessee. In August
1979, Anders was placed on special assignment to attend the Harvard Business
School's Advanced Management Program.
On January 1, 1980, Anders was appointed General Manager of the General Electric
Aircraft Equipment Division with headquarters in Utica, New York. With more than
8500 employees in five plant locations in the Northeastern U.S., the Aircraft
Equipment Division products include aircraft flight and weapon control systems,
cockpit instruments, aircraft electrical generating systems, airborne radars and
data processing systems, electronic countermeasures, space command systems, and
aircraft/surface multi-barrel armament systems. In 1984, he left GE to join
Textron as Executive Vice President-Aerospace, moving to Senior Executive Vice
President-Operations in 1986. He was also a consultant to the Office of Science
and Technology Policy and was a member of the Defense Science Board & the
NASA Advisory Council, and is a retired Major General in the USAF Reserve.
Mr. Anders was made Vice Chairman of the General Dynamic Corporation for 1990
and was made Chairman & Chief Executive Office January 1, 1991. In 1993 he
retired as an employee of the corporation but remained Chairman of the Board
until May of 1994 when he fully retired from company service.
This is the only version available from NASA. Updates must be sought from the
above named individual.
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